Tag Archives: diagram

Cause and Effect Matrix Template

The Cause and Effect Matrix is used to understand the relationship between causes and effects. Whenever an output variable drifts out of specification, that is an effect. When an effect goes out of specification, you need to rank the potential causes in terms of importance, and the causes with the highest overall score should be addressed first in improvement efforts.

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Matrix Diagram Template

A Matrix Diagram is a table that allows sets of data to be compared to understand the relationship between them. It displays the existence and strength of the relationship between pairs of items of the data sets. The relationship is indicated by a number or symbol in each cell where each two items intersect in the matrix. Matrix diagrams can be useful in a wide range of applications from matching requirements with specifications to assigning responsibilities based on competencies.

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Relationship Mapping

Relationship Mapping

A Relationship Map is a visual display that shows the relationships between individual items. It allows to see and analyze the logical links between the different elements of any situation. A simple example of a relationship map is your network of personal and social relations. Another example is what is called the Interrelationship Digraph which is a visual display of the cause and effect relationships involved in a process or problem. Read more »»

Matrix Diagram

Matrix Diagram

A Matrix Diagram is a table that allows sets of data to be compared in order to make better decisions. It displays the existence and strength of relationship between pairs of items of two or more sets. The relationship is then indicated by a number or symbol in each cell where the two items intersect in the matrix. A matrix diagram can be used as part of other decision making tools. Cause and Effect Matrix and Quality Function Deployment are examples of tools that use the matrix diagram. Read more »»

Fishbone Diagram

Fishbone Diagram

Sometimes it is difficult to spot problems and only symptoms will be acted on leaving the real causes intact. This indicates lack of information and poor understanding of the problem and leads usually to a weak solution. A Fishbone Diagram is often used to identify and organize the potential causes of a business problem in an easy and understandable format. It is used to identify the sources of process variation which caused the problem to occur. It is called this way because of its shape that looks like a fishbone. It is also called Ishikawa Diagram and Cause and Effect Diagram. Read more »»

Scatter Plots

Scatter Plot

Many situations require the investigating whether a relationship exists between two or more variables. A Scatter Plot is a diagram showing whether two variables are correlated or related to each other. It shows patterns in the relationship that cannot be seen by just looking at the data. It is often used as a first step in analyzing and communicating the correlation between pairs of variables before conducting advanced statistical analyses. It works with both continuous and count data.

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SIPOC Analysis

SIPOC Analysis

A SIPOC Map is high-level summary of the process. It provides a big picture view of the important elements of the process to gain deeper understanding of the context in which the process occurs. SIPOC is an acronym that stands for Suppliers, Inputs, Process, Outputs and Customers.

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Histograms and Boxplots

Histograms:

Histograms and Boxplots

A histogram is a graphical representation of a frequency distribution for numeric data. It is a bar chart that is often used as the first step to determine the probability distribution of a data set or a sample. It allows to visually and quickly assess the shape of the distribution, the central tendency, the amount of variation in the data, and the presence of gaps, outliers or unusual data points. Read more »»

Flowcharting


Flowcharting

A flowchart is a graphical tool that illustrates the flow of a business process and the relationships between its activities. It allows to break up any process into individual activities to see how it looks like. The simplicity of flowcharts make them useful for understanding processes and finding waste and inefficiencies for further problem-solving efforts. They can be used for any process and in any industry.

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Mind Mapping

Mind Mapping

A Mind Map is a tool that is used to visually organize ideas, thoughts and information. It is a collection of words, arrows and drawings that are organized together around a single topic or problem. Ideas can be collected through brainstorming or other group activities before they are consolidated into a single map. A mind map has many applications in personal, professional and educational situations.

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Affinity Diagram

Affinity Diagram

There are many methods available to analyze and group the outputs of brainstorming and problem solving meetings in order to collect meaningful information. An affinity diagram (also known as KJ Analysis) helps categorize and organize a large number of fragmented uncertain information into logical cohesive groups. The goal is to create a limited number of groups which results in better idea selection or a problem that is better understood.

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How-How Diagram

How-How Diagram

Once you have discovered why a problem occurs, you then need to find a permanent solution to the problem. In many cases, you don’t even need to analyze the root causes of a problem, you just need to solve the problem right away. These low hanging fruits may be quick wins or larger projects that may involve capital expenditure. Read more »»